Drought, 26 Apr 2021
|Recipient UN Agencies||FAO, IOM, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, WHO|
|Beneficiary types||Host communities, Internally displaced persons, Other affected persons|
|Title||Somalia RR Application Apr 2021 (Anticipatory Action for drought)|
Overview of the humanitarian situation
ANTICIPATORY ACTION ALLOCATION: In addition to the severe humanitarian impact Somalia is suffering as a result of water shortages during the 2020 Deyr season (Oct-Dec), an even worse crisis is looming in the next months: in early 2021, several climate forecasts predict the April-June rainfall season (the “Gu”) to perform poorly as well. A second consecutive rainfall failure was expected to further exacerbate the humanitarian situation and food security experts therefore predicted that for the April to June 2021 period and beyond up to 2.65 million Somalis (21.5 per cent of the population) could face crisis or worse levels of food insecurity, including 400,000 likely to face emergency levels (3.2 per cent).
The projected number of food insecurity surpassed the trigger for the Somalia Anticipatory Action framework and the Emergency Relief Coordinator therefore allocated $20 million for anticipatory action to prevent such a severe deterioration of the situation. The AA allocation is leveraging the pre-agreed action plan developed with different agencies to enable collective, timely, and adequate assistance in the face emerging needs. Thanks to the CERF funding, UN agencies are delivering anticipatory assistance that includes: rehabilitation or construction of 19 boreholes and repair of 16 shallow wells to provide water for 145,000 people; screening of 115,000 children for malnutrition; cash transfers for an additional 99,024 destitute pastoralists, agropastoralists and displaced people; vaccination of 44,000 children for measles; provision of nutritious supplementary food for 36,160 children; provision of drought-tolerant seeds and tools with cash for 15,000 farmers; distribution of 8,000 hygiene kits to ensure safe water consumption; provision of menstrual hygiene management and dignity kits for 7,500 women and girls; livestock feed with cash for 3,700 pastoralists; creation of 15 community-based child protection committees; deployment of 11 Rapid Response Teams for early disease detection and control; training of health workers on management of epidemic-prone diseases, surveillance, infection control and prevention, risk communication, water quality surveillance, and sample collection, packaging and shipment; procurement of essential medical supplies and equipment; and protection monitoring. Together, the UN agencies and their partners are targeting 345,420 people, including 54,529 men, 94,343 women, 91,289 boys and 104,860 girls. Among the targeted people, partners are expecting 51,815 people with disabilities. Notably, this is the second allocation for the anticipatory action framework in Somalia, demonstrating the concept is working and can reach scale. The AA allocation is complementing the $7 million CERF RR and $13.3 million SHF allocations which seek to provide immediate support to communities already suffering severe water shortages, as a result of the poor October-December Deyr season. The AA allocation is assisting those communities whose well-being, especially food security, is further threatened by the forecast poor March-June season. The joint AA and RR allocation show that the different humanitarian streams can work together and be complementary to achieve greater impact.