CERF Allocation

Somalia

Drought, 26 Apr 2021

Overview of the humanitarian situation

ANTICIPATORY ACTION ALLOCATION: In addition to the severe humanitarian impact Somalia is suffering as a result of water shortages during the 2020 Deyr season (Oct-Dec), an even worse crisis is looming in the next months: in early 2021, several climate forecasts predict the April-June rainfall season (the “Gu”) to perform poorly as well. A second consecutive rainfall failure was expected to further exacerbate the humanitarian situation and food security experts therefore predicted that for the April to June 2021 period and beyond up to 2.65 million Somalis (21.5 per cent of the population) could face crisis or worse levels of food insecurity, including 400,000 likely to face emergency levels (3.2 per cent).

CERF-funded assistance

The projected number of food insecurity surpassed the trigger for the Somalia Anticipatory Action framework and the Emergency Relief Coordinator therefore allocated $20 million for anticipatory action to prevent such a severe deterioration of the situation. The AA allocation is leveraging the pre-agreed action plan developed with different agencies to enable collective, timely, and adequate assistance in the face emerging needs. Thanks to the CERF funding, UN agencies are delivering anticipatory assistance that includes: rehabilitation or construction of 19 boreholes and repair of 16 shallow wells to provide water for 145,000 people; screening of 115,000 children for malnutrition; cash transfers for an additional 99,024 destitute pastoralists, agropastoralists and displaced people; vaccination of 44,000 children for measles; provision of nutritious supplementary food for 36,160 children; provision of drought-tolerant seeds and tools with cash for 15,000 farmers; distribution of 8,000 hygiene kits to ensure safe water consumption; provision of menstrual hygiene management and dignity kits for 7,500 women and girls; livestock feed with cash for 3,700 pastoralists; creation of 15 community-based child protection committees; deployment of 11 Rapid Response Teams for early disease detection and control; training of health workers on management of epidemic-prone diseases, surveillance, infection control and prevention, risk communication, water quality surveillance, and sample collection, packaging and shipment; procurement of essential medical supplies and equipment; and protection monitoring. Together, the UN agencies and their partners are targeting 345,420 people, including 54,529 men, 94,343 women, 91,289 boys and 104,860 girls. Among the targeted people, partners are expecting 51,815 people with disabilities. Notably, this is the second allocation for the anticipatory action framework in Somalia, demonstrating the concept is working and can reach scale. The AA allocation is complementing the $7 million CERF RR and $13.3 million SHF allocations which seek to provide immediate support to communities already suffering severe water shortages, as a result of the poor October-December Deyr season. The AA allocation is assisting those communities whose well-being, especially food security, is further threatened by the forecast poor March-June season. The joint AA and RR allocation show that the different humanitarian streams can work together and be complementary to achieve greater impact.

Projects included in this allocation

Organization Project title Code Amount in US$
UNICEF Provision of safe water, critical nutrition services, child protection support, and immunization and emergency health care in drought-affected districts. 21-RR-CEF-012 US$4,101,003 Read more
FAO “Emergency Livelihood Support for drought-affected rural populations in Somalia” 21-RR-FAO-008 US$3,000,000 Read more
UNHCR Protection Monitoring for corrective response management 21-RR-HCR-007 US$500,018 Read more
IOM Anticipatory Action on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) to prevent and reduce human suffering, through provision of clean safe water and hygiene promotion services 21-RR-IOM-006 US$2,250,135 Read more
WHO Prevention and Mitigation of public health risks of drought in Somaliland, Galmudug, Hirshabelle, Jubaland and Puntland 21-RR-WHO-010 US$2,000,000 Read more
UNFPA Gender-Based Violence (GBV) risk mitigation and strengthening of women’s and girls’ access to GBV services and Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) 21-RR-FPA-007 US$750,000 Read more
WFP Life-saving activities to protect the nutrition and food security situation of vulnerable people in anticipation of a severe drought shock. 21-RR-WFP-008 US$7,400,099 Read more