Drought, 24 Dec 2020
|Recipient UN Agencies||FAO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, WHO|
|Beneficiary types||Host communities, Internally displaced persons, Other affected persons|
|Title||Ethiopia RR Application Dec 2020 (Anticipatory Action - Drought)|
Overview of the humanitarian situation
To avert humanitarian outcomes like those caused by the droughts of 2011, 2015/16 or 2017/18, humanitarian partners in Ethiopia in cooperation with government counterparts, in 2020, set up an Anticipatory Action (AA) framework for drought, which was endorsed by the Humanitarian Country Team on 28 October. On 15 November, updated rainfall forecasts were published, predicting a 50 per cent probability of below-average rainfall for the spring rainy season in Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' (SNNP) region of Ethiopia. In addition, food security experts project 40.8 per cent of SNNP region's population to face crisis levels of food insecurity (IPC phase 3) or worse between February and May 2021, representing more than a five per cent deterioration compared to the current food insecurity situation. These conditions mean that the trigger thresholds for the AA framework have been reached, occasioning the activation of the framework and CERF allocation. Further to SNNP region, the trigger is also very close to being reached in Afar, Oromia and Somali regions. Several woredas in Afar, SNNP and Somali regions have already been affected by below-average rainfall during the past short rainy season. A combination of two consecutive poor seasons would be disastrous for the affected people, several of whom are projected to face emergency levels of food insecurity (IPC phase 4) in the spring of 2021.
Following the triggering of the Anticipatory Action Framework, the Humanitarian Coordinator in Ethiopia together with the Cluster Leads Agencies proposed a "phased activation" approach whereas a set of time-critical activities with longer lead times were funded by CERF in December 2020 and a second set of activities, scheduled to be implemented later, are funded by CERF in March 2020, following re-confirmation of forecast below-average rainfall for the March-June season. This phased approach allows action as early as necessary and with the highest confidence possible. Overall, CERF is providing $20 million ($13.2 million in December 2020 and $6.8 million in March 2021) to support anticipatory activities in the agriculture, education, health, nutrition, protection and water and hygiene sectors.